A/V-잖아요, N-이잖아요/잖아요 | Korean Grammar 168 | Learn Korean | 한국어문법 | 한국어 배우기

Hello~In this lesson, we will look at the expression 'A/V-을수록/ㄹ수록.'

Please click the link below if you want to watch this lesson in Korean with English subtitles.

💕 Korean Grammar 168: A/V-잖아요, N-(이)잖아요: https://youtu.be/cE9qdEBkMPE

⭐️ Korean Grammar 168: A/V-잖아요, N-(이)잖아요

1. Dialogue

➤ 미소: 나나 씨, 왜 한국으로 유학 가려고 해요?

➤ 나나: 미소 씨도 알다시피 제가 한국어를 배우고 있잖아요. 

 한국에 가서 한국어도 더 배우고 더 많은 한국 문화를 경험해 보고 싶어요. 

➤ 미소: 맞아요. 언어는 그 나라에서 배우는 것이 가장 좋은 방법이긴 해요.


Miso: Nana, why do you want to study abroad in Korea?

Nana: As you know, I am learning Korean. I want to go to Korea to learn more Korean and experience more Korean culture.

Miso: Right. The best way to learn a language is to learn a language in that country.

2. Usage

❏ Adjective/Verb + 잖아요, N + 이잖아요/잖아요

❏ 1) Check the fact: it indicates that both a speaker and a listener are aware of the fact or the content of a topic.

❏ 2) Remind: when the other person does not know or does not remember a certain fact, it is used to remind it.

❏ 3) Rebuke: the speaker already advised the other person, but something bad happened because they did not listen to it. In this case, it is used to scold or rebuke them.

3. Explanation

(1) Check the fact

1) 미소: 왜 한국으로 유학 가려고 해요? 

   나나: 미소 씨도 알다시피 제가 한국어를 배우고 있잖아요. (있다 + 잖아요)

2) 나나: 놀이공원에 사람이 정말 많네요.

   미소: 오늘 공휴일이잖아요. (공휴일 + 이잖아요)


1) Miso: Why do you want to study abroad in Korea?

Nana: As you know, I am learning Korean.

2) Nana: There are so many people in the amusement park.

Miso: It's a holiday today.

(2) Remind

1) 미소: 우리 이번 주말에 여행 갈까요? 

   나나: 저 이번 주말에는 회사에 가야 하잖아요. (하다 + 잖아요)

   미소: 아 맞아. 요새 많이 바쁘다고 했지요?

2) 미소: 오늘 무슨 날이에요? 웬 케이크예요?

   나나: 오늘 미소 씨 생일이잖아요. (생일 + 이잖아요)

   미소: 오늘이 제 생일이군요. 내일인 줄 알았어요.


1) Miso: Shall we go on a trip this weekend?

Nana: I have to go to work this weekend.

Miso: Oh, right. You mentioned that you are very busy these days, aren't you?

2) Miso: Is today a special day? Why is there a cake?

Nana: It's your birthday today.

Miso: Today is my birthday. I thought it was tomorrow.

(3) Rebuke

1) 나나: 저 감기에 걸렸어요. 

   미소: 그러게 옷을 따뜻하게 입으라고 했잖아요. (했다 + 잖아요)

2) 나나: 비가 와서 옷이 다 젖었어요.

   미소: 그러게 우산을 가져가라고 했잖아요. (했다 + 잖아요)


1) Nana: I caught a cold because I dressed lightly.

Miso: That's why I told you to wear warm clothes.

2) Nana: It was raining, and my clothes were wet.

Miso: That's why I told you to bring an umbrella.

4. Grammar information

❏ '-잖아요' can be used with '-시-' and '-았/었/했-.' (O)

1) -시-: 부모님이 오늘 한국에 오시잖아요. (O) (오다 + 시 + 잖아요) 

         ((As you know) My parents are coming to Korea today.)

2) -았/었/했-: 어제 비빔밥을 먹었잖아요. (O) (먹다 + 었 + 잖아요)

       ((I remind you that) I ate bibimbap yesterday.)

❏ '-잖아요' cannot be used with '-겠-.' (X)

1) -겠-: 부모님이 내일 오시겠잖아요. (X) (오시다 + 겠 + 잖아요)

         ((As you know) My parents are coming to Korea tomorrow.)

5. Combination information

(1) Adjective/Verb

1) Final Consonant O&X

- 먹다 + 잖아요 → 먹잖아요 

- 가다 + 잖아요 → 가잖아요

(2) Noun

1) Final Consonant O: -이잖아요

- 학생 + 이잖아요 → 학생이잖아요

2) Final Consonant  X: -잖아요

- 가수 + 잖아요 → 가수잖아요

6. Practice

1. 요새 (환절기) 감기 조심하세요.

→ 요새 환절기잖아요. 감기 조심하세요.  (환절기 + 잖아요)

2. 저는 매운 음식을 잘 (먹다) 

→ 저는 매운 음식을 잘 먹잖아요. (먹다 + 잖아요)

3. 나나 씨가 요즘 많이 (바쁘다)

→ 나나 씨가 요즘 많이 바쁘잖아요. (바쁘다 + 잖아요)


1. (As you know) It's in-between seasons these days. Be careful not to catch a cold.

2. (I told you that before) I like spicy food.

3. (As you know) Nana is very busy these days.


☆ A/V-잖아요, N-(이)잖아요 video: https://youtu.be/cE9qdEBkMPE 

☆ Quiz: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1sTNxw43OS9nDGBMVVDfD5hzdLxDNsqIG/view?usp=sharing

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