V-는다면/ㄴ다면, A-다면, N-이라면/라면 Mastering Korean Grammar 180

 BTS를 만난다면 무엇을 하고 싶어요?

Welcome to our insightful exploration of Korean conditional sentences involving '-(느)ㄴ다면, -다면, and -(이)라면.' 

These structures offer a window into the world of suppositions, possibilities, and the less certain side of the Korean language. 

Ideal for advanced learners, these phrases allow you to discuss unlikely, yet possible scenarios in your conversations.

If you want to watch the lesson in Korean with English subtitles, please click the link below.

Usage of V-ㄴ/는다면, A-다면, N-이라면/라면

• Conditional if (가정): this expression is a connective ending that means assuming a certain fact or situation. It's used to make assumptions about certain situations.

• The term "-다면" is a shorthand for "다고 하면," 

• '-다면 vs '-(으)면': '-ㄴ/는다면, 다면, 이라면/라면 ' are particularly used when the possibility of the situation occurring is uncertain or slim, as opposed to "-(으)면," which is used when a situation is certain or has a high possibility of being realized.

Explanation with Examples: V-는다면/다면

Nana: BTS를 직접 만난다면 같이 사진을 찍고 싶어요. (만나다 + ㄴ다면)
            (If I meet BTS in person, I want to take a picture with them.)

→ Here, '만난다면' is the combination of the verb '만나다' and '-ㄴ다면.'

→ Is it more likely to meet BTS? Or is it less likely? - The likelihood of meeting BTS is low.

 '만난다면' beautifully illustrates this daydream scenario.

Explanation with Examples: A-다면

Nana: 시간여행을 할 수 있다면, 10대로 돌아가고 싶어요. (있다 + 다면)
            (If I could time travel, I would like to go back to my teenage.)

→ Here, '있다면' is the combination of the adjective '있다 and '-다면.'

 Is there a high probability of time travel? - The possibility of time travel is low. 

→ '있다면' allows Nana to fantasize about traveling back to her teenage years.

Explanation with Examples: N-이라면/라면 

Nana: 내가 너라면 운동을 했겠다. (너 + 라면)
            (If I were you, I would exercise.)

→ Here, 너라면' is the combination of the pronoun '너' and '-라면.'

→ Is there any chance of me being someone else? - No. Not at all.

→ '너라면 conveys what one would do if they were in someone else.

Conditional Past: -았다면/었다면/했다면

• To speak of past hypotheticals, '-았다면/었다면/했다면' is used. 

• These grammatical forms allow for reflections on past events with an element of regret or hypothetical thinking about future possibilities. 

① A-았다면/었다면/했다면

Nana: 날씨가 좋았다면 소풍을 갈 수 있었을 텐데. (좋다 + 았다면)
            (If the weather had been nice, we could have gone on a picnic.)

→ Here, '좋았다면' is a combination of the adjective '좋다' and '-았다면.'

→ Was the weather nice in the past? No. The weather wasn't good. But Nana is talking about this hypothetically. 

② V-았다면/었다면/했다면

Nana: 내가 공부를 열심히 했다면 시험에 붙었을 텐데. (하다 + 했다면). 
            (If I had studied hard, I would have passed the exam.)

→ Here, '했다면' is a combination of the verb '하다' and '-했다면.'

→ Did Nana study hard in the past? No. She didn't study hard. But, she is talking about this hypothetically.

Conditional Will/Future: -겠다면

• When you express your will to do something or assume future events, you can use '-겠다면.'

• Please note that the form ‘-겠는다면’ cannot be used.  '-겠는다면' is an incorrect expression.

Nana: 네가 유학을 가겠다면 말리지 않을게. (가다 + 겠다면) (O)
           (If you want to study abroad, I won't stop you.)

→ '가겠다면' is a combination of the verb '가다' and '-겠-' and '-다면.'

→ This sentence can have two meanings

1)  '만약에, 만약에 네가 유학을 갈 거라고 하면' (What if, if you’re going to study abroad) - talk on the assumption of the future event.

2) Or talk about the other person’s will - '가겠다고 하면 말리지 않을게' (If you say you're going, I won't stop you.) 

Let's look at another example.

Nana: 너도 라면을 먹겠다면 두 개 끓일게. (먹다 + 겠다면) (O)
            (If you want to eat ramen, I’ll make two.)

→ '먹겠다면' is the combination of the verb '먹다' and '-겠-' and '-다면.

→ It means that I'm going to boil a ramen and eat it. And if you say you are going to eat ramen too - 먹을 거라면, 먹겠다고 하면 - I'll make two.  

Combination Information V-ㄴ/는다면, A-다면, N-이라면/라면

1) V-ㄴ다면/는다면

① Without Final Consonant: -ㄴ다면
           → 가다 + ㄴ다면 → 간다면 
② With Final Consonant: -는다면
           → 먹다 + 는다면 → 먹는다면
③ Final Consonant 'ㄹ': Drop 'ㄹ' + ㄴ다면
           → 만들다 (ㄹ drop) + ㄴ다면 → 만든다면

2) A-다면

① Without Final Consonant: -다면
           → 작다 + 다면 → 작다면 
② With Final Consonant: -다면
           → 크다 + 다면 → 크다면

3) N-이라면/라면

① Without Final Consonant: -이라면
           → 학생 + 이라면 → 학생이라면 
② With Final Consonant: -라면
           → 가수 + 라면 → 가수라면

Practice with Real-life Examples

1. 한겨울에 장미꽃이 (피다) 너무 예쁠 것 같아.

→ 한겨울에 장미꽃이 핀다면 너무 예쁠 것 같아. (피다 + ㄴ다면)
    (I think it would be so pretty if roses bloomed in the middle of winter.)

2. 내일 날씨가 (맑다) 좋을 텐데.

→ 내일 날씨가 맑다면 좋을 텐데. (맑다 + 다면)
    (It would be nice if the weather would be clear tomorrow.)

3. 네가 부탁하는 (것) 무엇이든지 도와 줄게. 

→ 네가 부탁하는 것이라면 무엇이든지 도와줄게.
   (I'll help you with anything you ask.)

Dialogues for Better Understanding

미소: 나나 씨는 타임머신이 있다면 무엇을 하고 싶어요?
나나: 글쎄요. 저는 타임머신을 타고 시간여행을 할 수 있다면 고등학생으로 돌아가고 싶어요. 
      그때로 돌아간다면 더 재미있게 놀 수 있을 것 같아요.

→ Here, the grammar we learned today is 타임머신이 '있다면,' 시간 여행을 할 수 '있다면', 그때로 '돌아간다면.'

(in English)

Miso: Nana, what would you do if you had a time machine?

Nana: Well. If I could travel back in time using a time machine, I would like to go back to high school. I think I could have more fun if I went back to that time.

Challenge Yourself: '-는다면/ㄴ다면, -다면, -이라면/라면 ' Korean Grammar Quiz

Quiz 1: Try to fill in the blanks with the correct form of '-는다면/ㄴ다면, -다면, -이라면/라면.'

Example) 먹다 (v. eat) → 먹는다면

1. 사다 (v. buy)
2. 듣다 (v. listen)
3. 열다 (v. open)
4. 덥다 (adj. hot)
5. 시다 (adj. sour)
6. 새 (n. bird)
7. 선생님 (n. teacher)

Quiz 2) Attempt to complete the sentences using ‘- 는다면/ㄴ다면, -다면, -이라면/라면.'

8. 제가 한국어를 (잘하다) 한국에 취업하고 싶어요.
9. 무인도에 세 가지만 가져갈 수 (있다) 무엇을 가져갈 거예요?
10. 내가 만약 (부자) 세계여행을 할 거예요.
11. 다른 사람의 마음을 (읽다) 재미있을 것 같아요.
12. 내일 눈이 (오다) 눈사람을 만들 거예요.

8. If I am good at Korean, I want to get a job in Korea.
9. If you could only take three things to a deserted island, what would you take?
10. If I were rich, I would travel around the world.
11. It would be fun to read other people's minds.
12. If it snows tomorrow, I will make a snowman.

★ Answer

1. 산다면 (사다 + ㄴ다면) 
2. 듣는다면 (듣다 + 는다면) 
3. 연다면 (열다 (ㄹ drop) + ㄴ다면)
4. 덥다면 (덥다 + 다면) 
5. 시다면 (시다 + 다면) 
6. 새라면 (새 + 라면) 
7. 선생님이라면 (선생님 + 이라면)
8. 제가 한국어를 잘한다면 한국에 취업하고 싶어요. (잘하다 + ㄴ다면) 
9. 무인도에 세 가지만 가져갈 수 있다면 무엇을 가져갈 거예요? (있다 + 다면)
10. 내가 만약 부자라면 세계여행을 할 거예요. (부자 + 라면)
11. 다른 사람의 마음을 읽는다면 재미있을 것 같아요. (읽다 + 는다면)
12. 내일 눈이 온다면 눈사람을 만들 거예요. (오다 + ㄴ다면)

Free Quiz PDF Download


Wrapping up, we've navigated through the nuances of forming conditional "if" statements in Korean, an invaluable skill for those aiming to achieve fluency. As you continue to practice these structures, you will find your Korean speaking skills becoming more nuanced and sophisticated. Stay tuned for more insights that will help you speak Korean like a native!

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