Learn Korean | Learn Korean Grammar 78: A/V-을까요?ㄹ까요?

Hello~Welcome to Basic Korean.
In this lesson, we're going to learn a Korean grammar 'A/V-을까요?ㄹ까요?'


If you want to listen to this lesson in Korean (with English subtitles), please watch the below video. 
🎬 Korean Grammar Video 78: https://youtu.be/fX63xz2ljRI

🌲Korean Grammar 78: A/V-을까요?/ㄹ까요?
(You can have this post in Korean.)

Let's look at examples first and see how today's grammar is used.

1. A short conversation

- The [green] is pronunciation.
A short conversation 'A/V을까요?/ㄹ까요?' with pronunciation 

[Translation]

- 미소: 나나 씨, 오늘은 날씨가 좋은데 내일도 날씨가 좋을까요?
            (Nana, the weather is fine today, do you think it will be good tomorrow too?)
         아니면, 비가 올까요?
            (Or will it be rain?)

- 나나: 글쎄요. 내일 날씨도 좋을 것 같아요.
            (Well. I think the weather will be nice tomorrow too.)
         일기 예보에 비 소식은 없었어요.
            (There was no rain in the weather forecast.)

Here, today's grammar is '좋을까요? and 올까요?' Let's look at today's grammar!

2. Usage

Korean Grammar '을까요?ㄹ까요?' Usage

  • '을까요?/ㄹ까요?' attaches after an adjective/verb stem.
  • It is used to ask the other person's thoughts about something that you don't know or a situation that has not yet happened.
Let's look at two example sentences.

Korean Grammar '을까요?ㄹ까요?' Example

 '오늘은 날씨가 좋아요. 내일도 날씨가 좋을까요?
    (The weather is good today. Do you think it will be good tomorrow too.)

 오늘은 날씨가 좋아요.☀️ (The weather is good today.) And I talk about tomorrow's weather, but I don't know tomorrow's weather well. ❓ But I think it would be good like today. 💭☀️ I'm guessing like that, and I ask what you think.

In this case, you can use '을까요?' after an adjective '좋다 (to be good)' and ask '좋을까요?'

 '아니면, 내일 비가 올까요?'
    (Or do you think it will be rain?)

 I also talk about tomorrow's weather, but I don't know tomorrow's weather well. But I think it might rain. 💭☔ I'm guessing and ask what you think.

⇨ In this case, you can use 'ㄹ까요?' after the verb '오다 (to come)' and ask '올까요?

Then, when do we use '을까요?' or 'ㄹ까요?' Let's find out~!

3. Combination information

3.1. An adjective/verb stem with a final consonant: 을까요?

adjective/verb stem with a final consonant + 을까요?

  • When an adjective/verb stem has a final consonant, '을까요?' is used.
  • the verb 먹다 (to eat) ➝ 먹을까요?
    • When you remove '다', there is the final consonant 'ㄱ' in '먹.'
    • Add '을까요?'
    • So it becomes '먹을까요?'
  • the adjective 작다 (to be small) ➝ 작을까요?
    • When you remove '다', there is the final consonant 'ㄱ' in '작.'
    • Add '을까요?'
    • So it becomes '작을까요?'

3.2. An adjective/verb stem without a final consonant: +ㄹ까요?


an adjective/verb stem without a final consonant + ㄹ까요?

  • When an adjective/verb stem has a final consonant, '을까요?' is used
  • the verb 오다 (to come) ➝ 올까요?
    • When you remove '다', there is no final consonant in '오.'
    • Add 'ㄹ까요?'
    • So it becomes '올까요?'

  • the adjective 크다 (to be big) ➝ 클까요?
    • When you remove '다', there is no final consonant in '크.'
    • Add 'ㄹ까요?'
    • So it becomes '클까요?'
(Noun)이다 ➝ (Noun)일까요?
  • In the case of  'Noun이다' that combines a noun and  '이다',
    ➝ you can say 'Noun-일까요?'
  • 학생이다 ➝ 학생일까요?
    • 학생이다 (to be a student)' which is a combination of a noun '학생 (student)' and '이다,'
    • Remove '다', there is no final consonant in '이.'
    • Add ㄹ까요?
    • So it becomes '학생일까요?

3.3. An adjective/verb stem ends with the final consonant 'ㄹ': delete 'ㄹ' + ㄹ까요?

adjective/verb stem ends with 'ㄹ' ('delete 'ㄹ') + ㄹ까요?
  • When an adjective/verb stem ends with the final consonant 'ㄹ',
    delete 'ㄹ' and add 'ㄹ까요?'
  • the verb 만들다 (to make) ➝ 만들까요?
    • When you remove '다', there is the final consonant 'ㄹ.'
    • Delete the final consonant 'ㄹ.'
    • Add 'ㄹ까요?'
    • So it becomes '만들까요?'

  • the adjective 달다 (to be sweet) ➝ 달까요?
    • When you remove '다', there is the final consonant 'ㄹ.'
    • Delete the final consonant 'ㄹ.'
    • Add 'ㄹ까요?'
    • So it becomes '달까요?'
3.4. Summary of combination information '을까요?/ㄹ까요?'

Combination chart: 을까요? ㄹ까요?

4. Honorific form: -(으)시 + ㄹ까요?

You can use '을까요/ㄹ까요?' with '-(으)시-' which is an honorific expression. In this case, as '시' does not have the final consonant, 'ㄹ까요?' is used after '-(으)시-.'

Let's look at an example.

을까요?ㄹ까요? with honorific expression '-으시/시-'

 '우리 아이가 이 옷을 입을까요?'
    (Do you think my child wear this cloth?)
 It is talking about 'my child.' So you can say '입을까요?'

But,
 '우리 엄마가 이 옷을 입으실까요?'
    (Do you think my mother wear this cloth?)
 It is talking about 'my mother.' So, you have to use the honorific expression '으시.'
You can say '입으실까요?'
'입으실까요?' is a combination of the verb '입다 (to wear), and the honorific expression '으시' and 'ㄹ까요?'

5. Past Tense

You can use '을까요/ㄹ까요?' with the past tense expression '-았/었/했-.' In this case, as '았/었/했' has the final consonant, '을까요?' is used after them.

Let's look at an example.

을까요?ㄹ까요? with past tense expression '았/었/했'

 '내일 축구 경기가 있는데 누가 이길까요?'
    (There is a soccer game tomorrow. Who will win?)
 It is talking about tomorrow's event. So you can ask '이길까요?'

But,
 '어제 축구 경기가 있었는데 누가 이겼을까요?'
    (There was a soccer game yesterday. Who would win?)
 It is talking about yesterday's soccer game. So the past tense '었' is used.
⇨ You can say '이겼을까요?'
⇨ '이겼을까요?' is a combination of the verb '이기다 (to win)' and the past tense '었' and 'ㄹ까요?'

One more thing, here when the vowel 'ㅣ' meets the other vowel '어', they become the vowel 'ㅕ.': ㅣ+ ㅓ = ㅕ

Let's see some more examples.

6. Examples

  • 이 옷이 아이에게 클까요?
    (Do you think this cloth is big for my child?)
    • '클까요?' comes from by adding 'ㄹ까요?' after the adjective '크다 (to be big).'
  • 나나 씨가 김치를 먹을까요?
    (Do you think Nana will eat Kimchi?)
    • '먹을까요?' comes from by adding '을까요?' after the verb '먹다 (to eat).'

Let's look at another short conversation. 
The [GREEN] is pronunciation.

A short conversation '을까요?ㄹ까요?' with pronunciation

[Translation]

- 나나: 이번 주말에 친구와 캐리비안베이에 가려고 하는데 거기 어때요?
           (I'm going to Caribbean Bay with my friend this weekend. How about there?)

- 미소: 거기 물놀이 하기 좋아요.
            (It's great to play in the water.)
         그런데, 코로나 때문에 문을 열었을까요?
            (But, because of the coronavirus, do you think would they open?)

- 나나: 글쎄요, 한번 확인해 봐야겠네요.
            (Well. I need to check it out.)

  • '열었을까요?' comes from by adding '었을까요?' after the verb '열다 (to open).'

Today, we've learned  'Adjective/verb- 을까요?/ㄹ까요?' which you guess something and ask other's opinion about it.

That's all for today.

Here are the related videos on Youtube.
Korean Grammar 25 'V을까요?ㄹ까요?: https://youtu.be/eu8EMKCmZxs Korean Grammar 17 'A/V았/었/했': https://youtu.be/dXvaNu98mwQ Korean Grammar 33 'A/V으시/시': https://youtu.be/uxvfbPf7nnU
More videos on Grammar: http://bit.ly/basickoreangrammar

Thank you!

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