Learn Korean Alphabet Hangeul 01:Hangeul & Single vowels (한글 & 단모음)

Hello~
In this lesson, we're going to learn the Korean alphabets '한글 (Hangeul)'.
This is the first class of 한글, so let's look at Hangeul briefly and the principle of vowel formation. Then, we're going to learn ' 8 single vowels'.



✔ If you want to listen to this lesson in Korean (with English subtitles), please watch the video below. 
🎬 Hangeul lecture video 01: https://youtu.be/uG2XqoL7t8s 

✔ Also, you can have this post in Korean.

🌱 Lecture Note: Hangeul 01 

ㄱ. Hangeul (한글)

  • 한글 consists of 21 vowels and 19 consonants.

    • 21 vowels: ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅗ, ㅜ, ㅒ, ㅔ, ㅡ, ㅣ, ㅑ, ㅕ, ㅛ, ㅠ, ㅒ, ㅖ, ㅘ, ㅙ, ㅚ, ㅞ, ㅝ, ㅟ, ㅢ
Hangeul 21 Vowels: ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅗ, ㅜ, ㅒ, ㅔ, ㅡ, ㅣ, ㅑ, ㅕ, ㅛ, ㅠ, ㅒ, ㅖ, ㅘ, ㅙ, ㅚ, ㅞ, ㅝ, ㅟ, ㅢ
Hangeul vowels
    • 19 consonants: ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅅ, ㅇ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅋ, ㅌ, ㅍ, ㅎ, ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅆ, 
Hangeul 19 Consonents: ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅅ, ㅇ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅋ, ㅌ, ㅍ, ㅎ, ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅆ, ㅉ
Hangeul Consonants
  

  • When you write 한글, you should group the letters together. 

ㅎㅏ ㄴ ㄱ ㅡ ㄹ, 한글
Hangeul writing

  • In terms of the direction, you should write left to right, and up to bottom. 


Hangeul writing direction 한글
Hangeul writing direction

ㄴ. The principle of formation of vowels

  • The Korean vowels are based on the combination of three symbols:
     ● (sky)ㅡ (the earth), andㅣ(human)

Hangeul Vowel formation: ㅕ ㅓ ㅣ ㅏ ㅑ
Hangeul Vowel formation

Hangeul Vowel formation: ㅠ ㅜ ㅡ ㅗ ㅛ
Hangeul Vowel formation

ㄷ. Vowel types

  • The Korean vowels can be divided into 2. 
  • Depending on the pronunciation, we can divide them into 8 single vowels (monophthong) and 13 double vowels (diphthong). 
Korean single and double vowels
Korean single and double vowels
  •  8 single vowels (monophthong): ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅗ, ㅜ, ㅐ, ㅔ
  • 13 double vowels (diphthong)
    • ㅑ, ㅕ, ㅛ, ㅠ, ㅒ, ㅖ
    • ㅘ, ㅙ, ㅚ, ㅞ, ㅝ, ㅟ, ㅢ

  • ✱ I divide them by actual sounds, based on what Korean people actually pronounce them.

ㄹ. 8 Single Vowels: ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅗ, ㅜ, ㅐ, ㅔ, ㅡ, ㅣ

(Please refer to the lecture for pronunciation and writing order: 
https://youtu.be/uG2XqoL7t8s)

Korean 8 single vowels: ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅗ, ㅜ, ㅐ, ㅔ, ㅡ, ㅣ
Korean 8 single vowels

  • ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅗ, ㅜ, ㅐ, ㅔ, ㅡ, ㅣ
  • Pay attention to the pronunciation [ㅐ ≑ ㅔ]
    • , ‘’ and ‘’ have similar sounds. But when you write, you have to differentiate them.

  • (※ [ ] indicates the pronunciation.)

Today we've learned Korean alphabets '한글 (Hangeul)' and 8 single vowels.
Next time, we're going to look at the double vowels (diphthongs.)
Thank you~



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