Learn Korean | Learn Korean Pronunciation: ㅂ니다 / 습니다

Welcome to Basick Korean!
In this lesson, we're going to learn how to pronounce 'ㅂ니다/습니다' 

If you want to listen to this lesson in Korean (with English subtitles), please watch the below video. 
🎬 Korean Pronunciation 'ㅂ니다/습니다': https://youtu.be/ELXBMWihB3Q


🌲Korean Pronunciation: ㅂ니다 / 습니다

(🌻 You can have this content in Korean.)

Let's look at how to pronounce 'ㅂ니다' first.

the pronunciation of ㅂ니다


1. ㅂ니다 → [ㅁ니다]

how to pronounce ㅂ니다

  • 'ㅂ니다' is pronounced as [ㅁ니다]
  • Grammar information
    • an adjective/verb stem without final consonant + ㅂ니다
      : 'ㅂ니다' attaches an adjective/verb stem without a final consonant, such as '하다 (to do) and 예쁘다 (to be pretty).' They become '합니다' and '예쁩니다.'
    • 'ㅂ' in 'ㅂ니다' is placed at the final consonant position.
  • Pronunciation
    • When the final consonant 'ㅂ' is followed by 'ㄴ', 'ㅂ' is pronounced as [ㅁ].
    • So 'ㅂ니다' is pronounced as [ㅁ니다].

Let's see some more examples.

examples of 'ㅂ니다' pronunciation
    • 합니다 is pronounced as [함니다]
      • 하다 (to do) + ㅂ니다 
      • The final consonant 'ㅂ' is pronounced as [ㅁ]
    • 예쁩니다 is pronounced as [예쁨니다]
      • 예쁘다 (to be pretty) + ㅂ니다
      • The final consonant 'ㅂ' is pronounced as [ㅁ].
    the final consonant 'ㄹ' and 'ㅂ니다' pronunciation

    • In the case of 'ㄹ' final consonant
      • When an adjective/verb stem ends with the final consonant ‘ㄹ', delete ‘ㄹ’ and attach ‘ㅂ니다.
      • So in this case the final consonant 'ㄹ' is not pronounced.
    • 만듭니다 is pronounced as [만듬니다].
      • 만들다 (to make)(delete 'ㄹ') + ㅂ니다
      • The final consonant 'ㅂ' is pronounced as [ㅁ].
    • 놉니다 is pronounced as [놈니다].
      • 놀다 (to play)(delete 'ㄹ') + ㅂ니다
      • The final consonant 'ㅂ' is pronounced as [ㅁ].

    Now, let's find out how to pronounce '습니다.'

    the pronunciation of 습니다

    2. 습니다 → [씀니다]

    2.1 홑받침 (Single Final Consonants):
         the final consonant+ 습니다 ⟶ [the final consonant sound] + [씀니다]

     how to pronounce '습니다'

    • '습니다' is pronounced as [씀니다]
    • Grammar information
      • an adjective/verb stem with final consonant + 습니다
        : '습니다' attaches an adjective/verb stem with a final consonant, such as '먹다 (to eat) and '덥다 (to be warm/hot).' They become '먹습니다' and '덥습니다.'
    • Pronunciation
      • '습니다' is pronounced as [슴니다]. 
        • When the final consonant 'ㅂ' is followed by the initial consonant 'ㄴ', 'ㅂ' is pronounced as [ㅁ]. So '습니다' is pronounced [슴니다].
      • [받침소리] + [씀니다]
        • And before [슴니다], there is a final consonant from an adjective/verb stem.
        • When they meet together, the final consonant is pronounced as [the final consonant sound] and [슴니다] is pronounced as [씀니다].
        • The exception is 'ㅎ'.
          •  The final consonant 'ㅎ' is not pronounced. Only  [씀니다] is pronounced.
    Let's look at them one by one.

    2.1.1. [ㄱ]: ㄱ, ㄲ

    ㄱ, ㄲ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄱ] + [씀니다]

    • ㄱ, ㄲ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄱ] + [씀니다]
      • The final consonants 'ㄱ and ㄲ' are pronounced as the final consonant sound [ㄱ].
    • 먹습니다 is pronounced as [먹씀니다].
      • 먹다 (to eat) + 습니다
      • The final consonant  'ㄱ' is pronounced the same.
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].
    • 낚습니다 is pronounced as [낙씀니다].
      • 낚다 (to fish, to catch) + 습니다
      • The final consonant 'ㄲ' is pronounced as [ㄱ].
      • 습' is pronounced as [씀].

    2.1.2. [ㄴ]: ㄴ

    ㄴ+습니다 ➝ [ㄴ] + [씀니다]

    • ㄴ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄴ] + [씀니다]
      • The final consonants 'ㄴ' is pronounced the same [ㄴ].
    • 신습니다 is pronounced as [신씀니다].
      • 신다 (to wear) + 습니다
      • The final consonant  'ㄴ' is pronounced the same.
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    2.1.3. [ㄷ]: ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ

    'ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ' + 습니다 ➝ [ㄷ] + [씀니다]


    • ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄷ] + [씀니다]
      • The final consonants 'ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ' is pronounced as the final consonant sound [ㄷ].
    • 닫습니다 is pronounced as [닫씀니다].
      • 닫다 (to close) + 습니다
      • The final consonant  'ㄷ' is pronounced the same.
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].
    • 같습니다 is pronounced as [갇씀니다].
      • 같다 (to be same) + 습니다
      • The final consonant 'ㅌ' is pronounced as [ㄷ].
      • 습' is pronounced as [씀].

    2.1.4. [ㅁ]: ㅁ

    ㅁ + 습니다 ➝ [ㅁ] + [씀니다]

    • ㅁ + 습니다 ➝ [ㅁ] + [씀니다]
      • The final consonants 'ㅁ' is pronounced the same [ㅁ].
    • 검습니다 is pronounced as [검씀니다].
      • 검다 (to be black) + 습니다
      • The final consonant  'ㅁ' is pronounced the same.
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    2.1.5. [ㅂ]: ㅂ, ㅍ

    ㅂ,ㅍ + 습니다 ➝ [ㅂ] + [씀니다]

    • ㅂ, ㅍ + 습니다 ➝ [ㅂ] + [씀니다]
      • The final consonants 'ㅂ, ㅍ' is pronounced as the final consonant sound [ㅂ].
    • 덥습니다 is pronounced as [덥씀니다].
      • 덥다 (to be warm/hot) + 습니다
      • The final consonant  'ㅂ' is pronounced the same.
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].
    • 깊습니다 is pronounced as [깁씀니다].
      • 깊다 (to be deep) + 습니다
      • The final consonant 'ㅍ' is pronounced as [ㅂ].
      • 습' is pronounced as [씀].

    2.1.6. ㅎ

    ㅎ + 습니다 ➝ ∅ + [씀니다]
     

    • ㅎ + 습니다 ➝ ∅ + [씀니다]
      • The final consonants 'ㅎ' is not pronounced. 
    • 좋습니다 is pronounced as [조씀니다].
      • 좋다 (to be good) + 습니다
      • The final consonant 'ㅎ' is not pronounced.
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].
    • 낳습니다 is pronounced as [조씀니다].
      • 낳다 (to give birth) + 습니다
      • The final consonant 'ㅎ' is not pronounced.
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    2.2. 겹받침 (Double Final Consonants)

    Double Final Consonants + 습니다
    • There are 11 double final consonants in Korean. But, 'ㄳ, ㄽ'  are not in adjectives and verbs. So we're going to look at 9 double final consonants.
    • 1) 'ㄵ, ㅄ, ㄶ, ㅀ, ㄼ, ㄾ': the first final consonant is pronounced before '습니다.'
    • 2) 'ㄺ, ㄻ, ㄿ': the second consonant is pronounced before '습니다.'
    Let's look at them one by one.

    2.1.1. 'ㄵ, ㅄ, ㄶ, ㅀ, ㄼ, ㄾ' + 습니다 ➝ the first consonant + [씀니다]

    ㄵ, ㅄ + 습니다 ➝ the first final consonant [ㄴ, ㅂ] + [씀니다]

    • ㄵ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄴ] + [씀니다]
    • 앉습니다 is pronounced as [안씀니다].
      • 앉다 (to sit) + 습니다
      • The first consonant 'ㄴ' is pronounced. 
      • So '앉' is pronounced as [안].
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    • ㅄ + 습니다 ➝ [ㅂ] + [씀니다]
    • 없습니다 is pronounced as [업씀니다].
      • 없다 (not to exit) + 습니다
      • The first consonant 'ㅂ' is pronounced.
      • So' 없' is pronounced as [업].
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    ㄶ,ㅀ + 습니다 ➝ the first final consonant [ㄴ, ㄹ] + [씀니다]

    • ㄶ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄴ] + [씀니다]
    • 많습니다 is pronounced as [만씀니다].
      • 많다 (to be many/much) + 습니다
      • The first consonant 'ㄴ' is pronounced. 
      • So '많' is pronounced as [만].
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    • ㅀ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄹ] + [씀니다]
    • 앓습니다 is pronounced as [알씀니다].
      • 앓다 (to be sick) + 습니다
      • The first consonant 'ㄹ' is pronounced.
      • So' 앓' is pronounced as [알].
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    ㄼ + 습니다 ➝ the first final consonant [ㄹ] + [씀니다], exception '밟다'

    • ㄼ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄹ] + [씀니다]
    • 짧습니다 is pronounced as [짤씀니다].
      • 짧다 (to be short) + 습니다
      • The first consonant 'ㄴ' is pronounced. 
      • So '짧' is pronounced as [짤].
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    • 밟다 (to step on) is an exception. 
      • The second consonant 'ㅂ' is pronounced in the case of '밟다 '.
      • 밟다+ 습니다 ➝ [ㅂ] + [씀니다]
      • 밟습니다 is pronounced as [밥씀니다]. 
        • 밟다 (to step on) + 습니다
        • The second consonant 'ㅂ' is pronounced.
        • So' 밟' is pronounced as [밥].
        • '습' is pronounced as [씀].
    ㄾ + 습니다 ➝ the first final consonant [ㄹ] + [씀니다]

    • ㄾ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄹ] + [씀니다]
    • 핥습니다 is pronounced as [할씀니다].
      • 핥다 (to lick) + 습니다
      • The first consonant 'ㄴ' is pronounced. 
      • So '짧' is pronounced as [짤]
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    2.1.2. 'ㄺ, ㄻ, ㄿ' + 습니다 ➝ the second consonant + [씀니다]

    ㄺ, ㄻ + 습니다 ➝ the second final consonant [ㄱ, ㅁ] + [씀니다]

    • ㄺ + 습니다 ➝ [ㄱ] + [씀니다]
    • 읽습니다 is pronounced as [익씀니다].
      • 읽다 (to read) + 습니다
      • The second consonant 'ㄴ' is pronounced. 
      • So '잃' is pronounced as [익].
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    • ㄻ + 습니다 ➝ [ㅁ] + [씀니다]
    • 굶습니다 is pronounced as [익씀니다].
      • 굶다 (to starve, to skip a meal) + 습니다
      • The second consonant 'ㅁ' is pronounced. 
      • So '굶' is pronounced as [굼].
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].
    ㄿ + 습니다 ➝ the second final consonant [ㅂ] + [씀니다]

    • ㄿ + 습니다 ➝ [ㅂ] + [씀니다]
    • 읊습니다 is pronounced as [읍씀니다].
      • 읊다 (to recite) + 습니다
      • The second consonant 'ㅍ' is pronounced and 'ㅍ' is pronounced as the final consonant sound [ㅂ].
      • So '읊' is pronounced as [읍].
      • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    We've looked at all the final consonants.
    Now let's see two sentences.

    3. Example sentences

    'ㅂ니다 [ㅁ니다]' example sentence

    • When you write, you have to write '도와주셔서 감사합니다' which means 'Thank you for helping me out.'
    • But when you pronounce, you have to pronounce [도와주셔서 감사함니다].
    • '합' is pronounced as [함].

    '습니다 [씀니다]' example sentence

    • When you write, you have to write '도와주셔서 고맙습니다' which means 'Thank you for helping me out.'
    • But when you pronounce, you have to pronounce [도와주셔서 고맙씀니다].
    • '습' is pronounced as [씀].

    Today we've learned how to pronounce 'ㅂ니다/습니다.'

    Here are the related videos on Youtube.
    More videos on Korean pronunciation: http://bit.ly/basickoreanpronunciation

    Thank you~!

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