A/V-을 것 같냐고 하다/ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다 (Korean indirect quotation: interrogative, guess, adjective/verb) Learn Korean | Korean Grammar 140

In this video, we will look at the expression 'A/V-을 것 같냐고 하다/ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다 ' which is used to indirectly quote a sentence whose type of sentence is 'interrogative sentence', ends with 'adjective/verb', and is used when quoting a sentence that guesses something.

Let's learn 'indirect quotation' in Korean 'A/V-을 것 같냐고 하다/ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다.'

If you want to watch this lesson in Korean with English subtitles, please click the link below.

🌷 Korean grammar lesson 140: https://youtu.be/Xq5rKcT-OaU


⭐️ Korean Grammar 140: A/V-ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다/을 것 같냐고 하다 (interrogative, guess, adjective/verb)

‘내일 날씨가 좋을 것 같냐고 물어봤어요.


1. Short Conversation

- 미소: 지안 씨, 내일 날씨가 좋을까요?

- 지안: 글쎄요. 일기예보에서는 좋다고 하던데요.

⥥⇓

(After a while, Nana and Jian meet and talk. Jian indirectly quotes Miso's question and says it.)

- 나나: 아까 미소 씨와 무슨 얘기했어요?

- 지안: 미소 씨가 저한테 내일 날씨가 좋을 것 같냐고 물어봤어요.

→ The grammar we're going to learn today is '좋을 것 같냐고 물어봤어요.'


(in English)

- Miso: Jian, do you think the weather will be good tomorrow?

- Jian: Well. The weather forecast said it would be good.

⥥⇓

- Nana: What did you talk about with Miso earlier?

- Jian: Miso asked me if the weather would be good tomorrow.


2. Usage

- Indirect quotation: this expression is used when the speaker quotes another person's question indirectly.

- Interrogative, guess, adjective/verb: '-(으)ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다' is used after an adjective/verb stem when a quoted sentence is an interrogative sentence, ends with an adjective/verb, guesses something.

 - 을/ㄹ (future/guess), 것 (bound noun):

- ‘-ㄹ/을’ is an ending to indicate that an event or action occurred in the future or to indicate a conjecture. It is used here to speculate about something.

- ‘것’ is a bound noun.

- ‘을/ㄹ 것 같다 + 냐고 하다: this expression is the combination of '-(으)ㄹ 것 같다' and '냐고 하다.' which we've learned before.

- And instead of the verb ‘하다’, you can also use ‘묻다, 질문하다, 말하다.’

3. Example Sentences

✎ 미소: “내일 날씨가 좋을까요?” (→ adjective, guess, interrogative)

(Will the weather be good tomorrow?)

→ Indirect quotation: 내일 날씨가 좋을 것 같냐고 물어봤어요. (좋다 + 을 것 같냐고 하다)

- When you look at '좋을까요?', it ends with the adjective '좋다.' It guesses tomorrow's weather, and it is an interrogative sentence.

- If you want to quote indirectly, you can add '-을 것 같냐고 하다' after the adjective '좋다.'

- And when writing, delete the double quotation marks.

- Then you can say ‘내일 날씨가 좋을 것 같냐고 물어봤어요.’

- Here ‘좋을 것 같냐고 물어봤어요' is a combination of the adjective 좋다 and '을 것 같냐고 묻다'.

- When the sentence you want to quote ends with an adjective, guesses something and is an interrogative sentence, you can add '-을 것 같냐고 하다' after the adjective.


✎ 미소: “나나 씨가 꽃을 좋아할까요?” (→ verb, guess, interrogative)

(Will Nana like flowers?)

→ Indirect quotation: 나나 씨가 꽃을 좋아할 것 같냐고 물어봤어요. (좋아하다 + ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다)

- When you look at '좋아할까요?', it ends with the verb '좋아하다', it guesses Nana's preference, and it is an interrogative sentence.

- If you want to quote indirectly, you can add '-ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다' after the verb '좋아하다.'

- And when writing, delete the double quotation marks.

- Then you can say ‘나나 씨가 꽃을 좋아할 것 같냐고 물어봤어요.’

- Here ‘좋아할 것 같냐고 물어봤어요' is a combination of the verb 좋아하다 and 'ㄹ 것 같냐고 묻다'.

- When the sentence you want to quote ends with a verb, guesses something and is an interrogative sentence, you can add '-ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다' after the verb.


4. Combination Information

- It attaches after an adjective/a verb stem.

(1) Final consonant O: -을 것 같고 하다

- When an adjective/ a verb stem has the final consonant, '을 것 같냐고 하다' is used.

- 먹다 + 을 것 같냐고 하다 → 먹을 것 같냐고 하다

- When you look at the verb 먹다, remove '다'.

- Then there is the final consonant before '다'.

- '을 것 같냐고 하다' is used after that.

- So you can say '먹을 것 같냐고 하다’.

        - 작다 + 을 것 같냐고 하다 → 작을 것 같냐고 하다

- When you look at the adjective 작다, remove '다.'

- Then there is the final consonant before '다'.

- '을 것 같냐고 하다' is used after that.

- So you can say '작을 것 같냐고 하다’.


(2) Final consonant X: -ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다

- When an adjective/verb stem does not have the final consonant, ‘-ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다' is used.

- 가다 + ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다 → 갈 것 같냐고 하다

- When you look at the verb 가다, remove '다'.

- Then there is no final consonant before '다.'

- Then '-ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다' is used after that.

- So you can say '갈 것 같냐고 하다’.

- 크다 + ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다 → 클 것 같냐고 하다

- When you look at the adjective 크다, remove '다.'

- Then there is no final consonant before '다.'

- Then '-ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다' is used after that.

- So you can say '클 것 같냐고 하다’.


(3) Final consonant ㄹ: ㄹ drop + ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다

- Lastly, when an adjective/verb stem ends with the final consonant ‘ㄹ’, delete ‘ㄹ’ and attach ‘-ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다.'

- 만들다 (ㄹ drop) + ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다 → 만들 것 같냐고 하다

- When you look at the verb 만들다, remove '다'.

- Then the final consonant is 'ㄹ' before '다'.

- Then, delete 'ㄹ' and then attach 'ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다'

- So you can say '만들 것 같냐고 하다’.

- 달다 (ㄹ drop) + ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다 → 달 것 같냐고 하다

- When you look at the adjective 달다, remove '다.'

- Then the final consonant is 'ㄹ' before '다'.

- Then, delete 'ㄹ' and then attach 'ㄹ 것 같냐고 하다'

- So you can say '달 것 같냐고 하다’.

5. Practice

✎ “옷이 아이한테 클까요?” (Are the pants too big for a child?)

→ 옷이 아이한테 클 것 같냐고 물어봤어요. (크다 + ㄹ 것 같냐고 묻다)


✎ “음식이 많이 달까요?” (Will the food be too sweet?)

→ 음식이 많이 달 것 같냐고 물어봤어요. (달다 (ㄹ drop) + ㄹ 것 같냐고 묻다)


✎ “한국 음식이 나나 씨 입맛에 맞을 것 같아요?” 

   (Do you think Korean food would suit Nana’s taste?)

→ 한국 음식이 나나 씨 입맛에 맞을 것 같냐고 물어봤어요. (맞다 + 을 것 같냐고 묻다)



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